三名科学家因月球飞行任务获得世界空间奖

三名科学家因月球飞行任务获得世界空间奖
3 Scientists Win World Space Award for Lunar Mission
三名科学家因月球飞行任务获得世界空间奖

Three Chinese space scientists involved in the nation’s Chang’e 4 lunar exploration mission have been given the World Space Award, the highest award of the International Astronautical Federation.
参与嫦娥4号月球探测任务的三名中国空间科学家被授予世界空间奖,这是国际宇宙航行联合会的最高奖项。

The Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center under the China National Space Administration announced on Thursday that after two rounds of voting, the IAF decided to confer the 2020 IAF World Space Award to Wu Weiren, chief designer of China’s Chang’e lunar programs; Yu Dengyun, deputy chief designer of Chang’e programs; and Sun Zezhou, chief designer of the Chang’e 4 probe.
周四,中国国家航天局月球探测与航天计划中心宣布,经过两轮投票,国际空间站决定将2020年国际空间站世界空间奖授予中国嫦娥登月计划总设计师吴伟仁;,嫦娥项目副总设计师于登云;以及嫦娥四号探测器的总设计师孙泽洲。

This award is given once per year and only when nominations of world-class outstanding merit are received.
该奖项每年颁发一次,只有在收到世界一流优异奖提名时才颁发.

It is preferably granted to a single person but may be awarded to two or more people if there was a joint effort in the contribution, the federation explained.
联合会解释说,一般(原文是最好)是授予一个人,但如果此成果(原文是贡献)属于共同成果,也可以授予两人或多人的团队。

The Chang’e 4 robotic probe, which consists of an unmovable lander and the Yutu 2 rover, was lifted atop a Long March 3B rocket in December 2018 at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan province, marking the country’s fourth lunar exploration and the world’s first expedition to the far side of the moon, which never faces Earth.
嫦娥四号探测器包含一个固定的的着陆器和玉兔2号,于2018年12月被长征3B运载火箭从四川西昌卫星发射中心送上太空。实现了我国第四次月球探索和世界第一次对月球背面的探索。

The probe made a soft landing on the far side on Jan 3 and then released the Yutu 2 to roam and survey the landing site in the South Pole-Aitken basin, the largest and deepest known basin in the solar system.
探测器于1月3日在月球背面软着陆,然后释放了“玉兔2号”,对其在南极艾特肯盆地的着陆点进行漫游和勘测。艾特肯盆地是太阳系已知的最大、最深的盆地。

China’s next lunar probe, Chang’e 5, will weigh about 8.2 metric tons and will be the largest and heaviest lunar probe ever built by the country.
中国的下个月球探测器,嫦娥五号,将达到大约8.2吨重,同时也是我国迄今为止制造的最大和最重的月球探测器。

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