美国出口管制高性能芯片,中国企业见招拆招

Chinese companies resort to repurposing Nvidia gaming chips for AI
中国企业将英伟达游戏芯片改用于人工智能

US export controls force developers to strip components from PC graphics cards
美国的出口管制迫使中国企业将从英伟达游戏显卡上拆下的芯片用于开发人工智能工具。

Chinese companies are resorting to chips repurposed from standard PC gaming products to develop artificial intelligence tools, after Washington blocked US exports of high-performance processors.Thousands of Nvidia gaming graphics cards are being stripped of their core components in factories and workshops every month, before being installed on new circuit boards, according to two factory managers and two chip buyers familiar with the situation.
华盛顿方面禁止美国出口高性能处理器后,中国企业正在用从标准个人电脑游戏显卡改变用途的芯片开发人工智能工具。

Industry experts said the repurposing of chips from cards designed to be slotted into consumer PC motherboards to improve gaming graphics amounted to a rough workaround to tackle the lack of high-end processors in China.
据熟悉情况的两名工厂经理和两名芯片买家透露,每个月都有数千张英伟达(Nvidia)游戏显卡在工厂和车间被拆除核心部件,然后安装到新的电路板上。

While Nvidia’s gamer-focused products have raw computing power, they are not as capable in the high-precision calculations needed for training some large language models with bigger data sets. Due to the limits of interconnection speeds between chips, it is also challenging to overcome this by simply grouping more chips in computing clusters.
行业专家表示,将原本设计用于消费类个人电脑主板、以改善游戏图像效果的显卡上的芯片改变用途,是解决中国高端处理器短缺问题的一种临时变通办法。

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