日本计划将国防预算增至创纪录的7.7万亿日元

Japan raises military spending to counter China with more missiles and ships
日本计划将国防预算增至创纪录的7.7万亿日元

Shopping list includes destroyers and stealth frigates as Tokyo builds up Self-Defense Forces
日本将扩大其舰队和导弹能力,以应对来自中国朝鲜的不断加大的军事威胁。

Japan’s government is planning a record ¥7.7tn ($53bn) in annual defence spending to expand its fleet and missile capabilities to counter rising military threats from China and North Korea.The budget request on Thursday by the defence ministry includes funding for Aegis-equipped destroyers, new stealth frigates and precision-guided missiles. It is aligned with an ambitious military build-up Tokyo unveiled last year as part of its landmark national security strategy in response to China, which it has called its “greatest strategic challenge”.
日本政府计划将年度国防支出增至创纪录的7.7万亿日元(合530亿美元),扩大其舰队和导弹能力,以应对来自中国和朝鲜的不断加剧的军事威胁。

The 2024-25 budget represents a 13 per cent rise compared with this fiscal year’s intended spending. It is part of a five-year, ¥43tn plan by Tokyo to strengthen its defence capabilities and bring military spending to roughly 2 per cent of current gross domestic product, compared with the self-imposed cap of about 1 per cent of GDP that Japan has maintained since the 1960s.
日本防卫省周四提出的预算申请包括为宙斯盾(Aegis)驱逐舰、新型隐身护卫舰和精确制导导弹筹措资金。这呼应了日本政府去年公布的雄心勃勃的军事建设计划,后者是为应对其所称的“最大的战略挑战”——中国——而制定的具有里程碑意义的国家安全战略的一部分。

The outlays planned for next year include about ¥1.2tn to upgrade Japan’s missile defence capabilities to counter frequent missile launches by North Korea and advances in its military technologies.
与本财年的预期支出相比,2024-25财年的预算将增加13%。这是日本政府一项43万亿日元的5年计划的一部分,该计划旨在加强国防能力,并将军费支出提高至当前国内生产总值(GDP)的2%左右,而日本自上世纪60年代以来一直将军费开支上限维持在GDP的1%左右。

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